Transposable elements (TEs) are abundant in metazoan genomes and have multifaceted effects on host fitness. However, the mechanisms underlying the functions of TEs are still not fully understood. Here, we combine Hi-C, ATAC-seq, and ChIP-seq assays to report the existence of multimegabase supersized loop (SSL) clusters in the Xenopus tropicalis sperm.
A generalizable strategy with programmable site specificity for in situ profiling of histone modifications on unperturbed chromatin remains highly desirable but challenging. We herein developed a single-site-resolved multi-omics (SiTomics) strategy for systematic mapping of dynamic modifications and subsequent profiling of chromatinized proteome and genome defined by specific chromatin acylations in living cells. By leveraging the genetic code expansion strategy, our SiTomics toolkit revealed distinct crotonylation (e.g., H3K56cr) and β-hydroxybutyrylation (e.g., H3K56bhb) upon short chain fatty acids stimulation and established linkages for chromatin acylation mark-defined proteome, genome, and functions.
A cryo–electron microscopy structure of menin bound to an H3K79me2 nucleosome revealed that menin engages with the nucleosome using its fingers and palm domains and recognizes the methylation mark through a π-cation interaction. In cells, menin is selectively associated with H3K79me2 on chromatin, particularly in gene bodies.
While 1,1-diboryl (gem-diboryl) compounds are valuable synthetic building blocks, currently, related studies have mainly focused on those 1,1-diboryl alkanes without a hetero functional group in the α-position.
Our work sheds light on the molecular basis of cfDNA fragmentation towards broader applications in cancer liquid biopsy.
The induced BAs can not only enhance the imaging signals at target genomic loci using a single sgRNA, either at repetitive or non-repetitive sequences, but also recruit epigenetic modulators such as histone methyltransferase SUV39H1 to locally repress transcription. As such, SIMBA can be applied to simultaneously visualize and manipulate, in principle, any genomic locus with controllable timing in living cells.
Prof. Xianjin Xiao 2023/03/28 Gaoke B1
Dr. Jiawei Zhao 2023/03/23 Online
Prof. Maofu Liao 2023/03/23 Gaoke B1
Recently, after the recommendation from the Talent Work Team...